Developing your own application for the world’s largest, most used and loved platform android is a sort of dream for most of the android developers who are getting started with there career. However, this dream can easily be shattered if you don’t have the right knowledge and path to follow.
So, it is important for a newbie developer to gain a basic knowledge of android application development. With this, one can start working on a project individually, for a company, as a freelancer or can latch on the opportunities that come in the way as an android app developer.
To learn programming skills like Android marshmallow development, Android pie development or any other Android development one can check out the online tutorials where expert developers share their knowledge.
However, if you want to learn android app development and are not able to decide where to start from then here are the Top 8 Android App Development Fundamentals for Beginners that you must go through in detail.
Table of Contents
1.) Programming Languages:
Well before you start working on any of the projects, you need to make sure that your fundamentals are strong. For that, you need to master the basic programming languages required for android app development. Well, it’s better if you start early with the programming languages that are java and XML, as it will be quite difficult to master both the programming languages in a short time. The very basic and advance knowledge of these languages is essential for android app development.
Remember java is vast and it’s important that you at least cover these crucial topics, before working on a small project-
- Java Packages
- OOPs(Object-oriented programming)-
- Strings and other Datatypes
- Concurrency, etc.
So if you want to kick start your developing carrier with a more robust, efficient android application, then its important that you have a proper understanding of java and XML.
Like the programming languages that are used to code and built the interface of an application. You need to learn a database management system, Why? Well, there is no use of creating an application that cannot handle data. Yes, a database management system is used to store data all the data that your android application requires to store. For instance, a database of all your users.
When it comes to learning database management systems, you have a large number of options like SQL, MongoDB, Oracle database, etc. However, we would recommend you to go for the SQLite, which not only have great compatibility with java but is used in most the android application. Unlike a programming language, databases are a little easier to learn and implement. So you won’t have that much of a hard time with DBMS.
3.) Development Tool:
Your choice of development environment and tool highly affects the performance and efficiency of your android application. You need to choose carefully or just go with one of the most preferred android development tools that are Android app studio. It’s a great tool that can be used for developing an application for any android version that is for android marshmallow development, android pie development, etc. Apart from android studios, you can also use and learn Eclipse, and other support tools such as Apache Maven, Apache Ant, Gradle, etc. These tools will be really helpful during the development process and increase the efficiency of your java code hence your android application.
The next important thing after selecting your development environment and tool is to familiarize yourself with it. There are certain things and feature every tool have that can highly simplify your development process. And for that, you can watch tutorial videos or the best go through the description manual once.
4.) Application Components:
Now since you are all ready and set to build your application, you need to understand certain things about how an application works and what are its essential components that function together to make up the whole application. As a beginner, we recommend starting with these five major application components-
- Content providers
- Broadcast receivers
- Activating components
So, make sure to study these application components. They will give you a good idea about where to start the development process for your android application.
5.) Manifest File:
This is an important text file that includes information about the application components. So the android first checks this to see what resources are required by your application.
Android is a platform that is fragmented into various versions and devices. If you look carefully then most of the mobile phones today make use of this operating system. So, an android application needs to be rigorously tested for bugs, compatibility and most importantly its flexibility over a large number of devices and android versions.
Android is known for its fast response and easy to use interface. And all of its applications need to fulfill some conditions in order to work smoothly on this operating system such as –
Performance and responsiveness- if your app takes more than 5 sec to respond the os will ANR-you making your application to force stop.
8.) System Permissions:
There are cases where the android os restricts the application to use certain resources that are either out of reach for third party application or reserves. So if your application uses these resources then make sure to code it out separately.