And then there’s the flexibility, particularly when it comes to rendering and development of pleasing UI. Its library is also rich with helpful features and pre-made components that make programming much more straightforward and efficient (features such as Lazy Loading.)
Despite not being the most used JS framework, it is the main trend in 2018. Moreover, React shows no signs of slowing down, which is why we predict it being in the top 5 front-end trends in 2019.
- Fast and furious
- Abundant with features
- Allows server-side adjustments (regarding UI)
- Easy to adjust to
- Fairly large and complex
- Issues with MVC framework
You can’t talk about front-end trends without the mention of Angular, right? Google developed this beasty framework for its own use, and later, Angular was adopted by some of the world’s most notable services (such as Microsoft or Weather.com.)
The biggest issue with Angular is its vertical learning curve because it tends to overcomplicate simple tasks. On the other hand, this framework is wholly autonomous, and its use allows you to debug the program with ease. Angular is very helpful in this way, in the sense that it “guides you and tells you” how your code should look and act.
Anyone familiar with Angular will tell you that it allows the creation of powerful web apps, which is why some many people are attracted to it. Those interested in developing business apps are particularly interested in it, due to its convenient testing, debugging and simple code outputting.
- Allows Two-Way binding
- A broad spectrum of tools and features
- Ideal for business web-apps
- Developed and supported by Google
- Steep learning curve
- Requires a lot of fine tuning (to hit the low-performance milestone)
Ember has been quite a surprise in the front-end world, due to its recent rise and popularity. To be fair, this framework was used for the development of platforms such as LinkedIn or Kickstarter.
Ember also has a healthy community that works tirelessly to improve its performance and usability. People are attracted to its complexity because out of that complexity can arise complex and sophisticated web app. Indeed, Ember has been used predominately in these sectors:
- Business – For developing single-page web apps
- Technology – For developing websites and desktop apps
- Shopping – For developing sites, shopping apps, web shops, etc
Though it can be used for developing desktop apps (like Apple Music), developers use it almost exclusively for developing so-called single-page web apps. If you feel ambitious, learn Ember because it is highly probable that 2019 will be even more ambitious than 2018.
- Extremely stable (backward compatibility)
- Allows out of the box productivity
- Ambitious web development
- Not very flexible (regarding reusability)
- Fairly complex
The biggest issue with React is its size. So if you are a beginner in the world of front-end development, you’ll probably skip React. However, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t try Preact. In fact, Preact emerged for this specific reason: to make a version of a more simple React.
It is also a performance-oriented framework, allowing users to optimize their web applications. Preact is also more straightforward and less space-consuming, but things tend to get tricky when it comes to testing and debugging. It is therefore recommended to use React for developing apps and Preact for producing them.
Why? React allows creation and formation of ideas, and Preact is excellent at executing those ideas. Companies such as Uber or Lyft had used Preact in the past, and their experiments proved to be successful regarding performance and speed improvements.
- Small and easy to work with
- Excellent for app production
- Excellent for beginners and newcomers
- Used to optimize applications
- Not ideal for app development (issues with testing)
Last but not least is the Vue framework. Most people refer to it as being a mixture of Angular and React; it has the straight guidance of Angular and pure potential of React. It is, therefore, no surprise that Vue rings many bells in front-end news.
It is a very young platform, but a main trend in the Far East, used by Alibaba and Nintendo. It supports Typescript (Angular) and uses both ES 5 and 6. Vue JS is new, so it makes sense that its library is lacking compared to other giants such as React or Angular. However, stats clearly suggest that Vue’s popularity is rising.
The most important idea behind Vue is to make UI development smoother and more straightforward. It is also no surprise that anyone interested in making simple web apps will use Vue to avoid shenanigans that come with Angular or React.
- Features of React and Angular
- Easy to use
- Simple and fast
- Ideal for light app development
- Reasonably young (scarce library)